Residential real estate

The real estate market in Bengaluru is gaining ground, thanks to sustained growth in market prices and investors’ interests. Being the IT hub of India, Bengaluru has a multi-cultural population with good social infrastructure, excellent educational institutes and constantly upgrading physical infrastructure.
A redeeming feature of this market is that it allows flexible growth in many aspects, right from infrastructure and technology parks to educational institutes.
Box47386 Potential residential micro-markets: Looking at the current prospects, we recommend investing in real estate, which includes land, apartment or villa projects depending on the budget. A good investment in real estate should yield high returns over a long period of time and hence is considered as an asset.
With the recent government initiatives, there is a lot of hope for a buyer, unlike before. Developments like the recently passed Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Bill 2016, Smart Cities initiative, and the introduction of REITs (real estate investment trust) are expected to bring in the much-required transparency into the sector and enhance investors’ confidence in the coming years.
Currently, some of the most promising residential micro-markets are located in and around the Outer Ring Road (ORR), Whitefield towards the East and in North Bengaluru locations like Thanisandra and Kogilu. As per the latest Knight Frank Research findings, East Bengaluru saw greater momentum in sales growth during the period January-June 2016 due to preferred budget range, access to employment hubs and metro connectivity. Both East and North Bengaluru have the benefits of good social and physical infrastructure, accessibility to employment hubs, varied price options and project availability.
Meanwhile, an important trend that has been witnessed is the shrinking of sizes of apartments and also formats to studio, one BHK units, two-and-a-half BHK units, thereby bringing down the ticket size of the apartment. Investors and buyers alike, with a lesser budget, can opt for affordable housing projects located in South Bengaluru peripheral regions such as Anekal, Attibele, Chandapura, Kammasandra, Hosa Road and Begur, as well in West Bengaluru peripheral locations like Kumbalgodu, Tumkur Road and Kengeri due to availability of land at relatively cheaper prices.
Hoskote and Mandur in the east and Rajanukunte in the north are also viable options. These locations are good for long-term investments, especially the ones that are abetted by the upcoming metro connectivity.
Not to be overlooked, investing in land is also a good avenue for investment purpose. Micro-markets located in the industrial regions of West Bengaluru like Peenya and Yeshwanthpur have great potential due to support and social infrastructure in place.
This region commands connectivity to railway stations, highways, metro rail and airport as well. Owing to the comparatively lesser land pricing, it holds potential to be an IT hub in the future. Investors can also look at closed down or sick units and factories located in this industrial belt and gated communities as it portends substantial prospect in commanding higher prices in the forthcoming years.


All is not well with the private’s organizations Properties originators. On a couple of occasions, the property purchasers a got by some of these property planners by non-adherence recipient obligation and for non-adherence of building byelaws an other statutory essentials. The resultant effect is that the purchaser taking after very much an extended period of time of acquiring their home in a townhouse building gets notice from the city and town masterminding forces as to encroachment of building byelaws and resistance with other statutory requirements. Left with no other option, these level proprietors Tart running from post to segment to save their home/level and safe weight and turmoil for no defect of theirs.
Remembering the finished objective to save these level/house proprietors from the evil. His flawed property builds, the BBMP, BMRDA, BIAAPA another town orchestrating forces from whom the private property fashioners need to get flexibility should educate in their individual we its the summary of endeavors of private property designers cleared by them.
Immediately, the Bangalore Development Authority illuminates me.The recipient site only the once-over of certain unapproved configurations going with it.In this domain, yet have not been instructing the summary regarding approval outlines on their site. The concerned town orchestrating forces may kind I consider telling the summary of insisted outlines similarly on their site. Further, because of space structures, villa made by the private property engineers, it should be made as re-crucial for all these property creators to convey a completion support procured from the proficient force before enrollment on unique deed for the purchasers by the designers. To control these private property architects and to secure the level’s eagerness/house buyers, the Union Government has come.
With a recommendation for thought by the State Governments to foundation a Real Estate Regulatory Authority to coordinate the rule, arrangement, trade and organization of private structures Apartment structures by the property developers.It is prescribed that the components of the authoritative theory.
Consolidate affirmation of the capabilities and the private’s points property originators, to make preventive step or non-adherence of statutory necessities, to direct fitting if the money got by the architects from the buyers. The regulatory force may be empowered to begin stringent reformatory movement against the bumbling property engineers.

Purchase of flat

The apartment culture is of recent origin and has become very popular. This type of group housing is not alien to the human culture. Earlier, people used to live on riverbanks in groups sharing common facilities.
In the early twentieth century it was known for such group housing but in a different manner. Group housing popularly known as “Vatara” was very common where small dwelling units were constructed in a single compound and families lived in perfect harmony and unison. The Vatara, used to be horizontal or L shaped with single storey buildings whereas the apartments are vertical with multi-storied buildings.
In Bangalore, in the early seventies, the first Apartment constructed was Shalimar Apartment. In the early eighties, Apartment culture began to show its presence in Malleshwaram. Apartment Culture is rapidly picking up.
Advantages :
Flats have certain advantages when compared to Independent Houses. Community living offers Security and certain amenities and facilities, which an individual cannot afford and which can be shared with other Occupants as common facilities at minimal cost. Facilities like gym, recreational centre, swimming pool, sauna; Jacuzzi, full-fledged security, clubhouses, sports and games come at nominal cost. Generally, Apartments have Owners Residents Association, which attend to the problems of the Residents and carryout repairs.
The Purchaser of a flat need not worry about issues like obtaining plan sanctions, finding a Contractor, supervising the construction, getting water, power, sanitary connection and other related formalities, which the Developer takes care. Purchaser may have the interior done according to his needs on payment of some additional fee.
Sanctioning Authority:
With respect to sanctioning of plans, various approving Authorities have powers with some restrictions. The Village Panchayat cannot approve a plan of a Multi-storied building; High Rise Building Complex or a Building more than 8000 sq.ft of land and any building plan exceeding the prescribed height have to be approved by Town Planning Authority. It must be kept in mind that any massive violation of the sanction plan will face the threat of demolition of the building at the future date.
It is also necessary to ascertain whether the building has complied with the Floor Area Ratio (FAR), i.e., total Built-up-area permitted on the plot with prescribed setbacks vacant space that is to be left around the building.
Financial Institutions are currently offering long-term loans at a very low interest rate. Housing finance companies and banks also prefer financing the flats as multiple beneficiaries live in a single compound and it would be easy for them to follow up and they need not spend much on legal formalities.
Any high rise structure should have clearance from BWSSB, BESCOM, Fire force, Telephone Department, Pollution Control Board and also from the Airport Authority of India.
No doubt, there are certain disadvantages also. Most important is the lack of privacy which is available in independent houses where the resident is the King of the house and has unlimited freedom. The Owner of a flat cannot have additional construction and alteration. Even in order to repair a leak on the ceiling one has to obtain permission of the Association and the person living on the upper floor. Whereas, in the case of an independent house, the Owner may add additional construction as per his requirements and let out the same to supplement his income without any hindrance.
Generally, local people prefer independent houses. The resale value of flats is less, since the building gets depreciated and demolishing a flat and reconstructing it is also not possible. In case of independent house, though the building gets depreciated, the land value appreciates. If necessary, the old building may be demolished for new construction. Then, the resale value of an independent house is always more. Flat Owners have to pay monthly maintenance charges, which at times will be equal to or quarter or half the value of rents paid to a house, depending upon the amenities provided.
Process of Purchase :
The Purchaser of a flat has to take into account the location of the flat, its proximity to civic amenities and also select the Builder according to his track record. It is always advisable to visit some of the projects completed by the Builder before booking a flat.
Verification of the title of the property is one of the important aspects of purchase of property. Though the Builder provides Legal Certificate from their Advocate, the Purchaser should always independently get the title verified by his own Advocate. Only Advocates with a minimum of 7 years of experience are eligible to issue legal opinion for the apartment to the Developer as per the Karnataka Apartment Act.
If the property is sold by a General Power of Attorney (GPA) holder, verify the terms of GPA and whether the Owner who has given the GPA is surviving or not, should also be checked.
Validity of the GPA, Joint Venture and other Title deeds are most important factors that should be kept in mind. Agreement with the Developer should contain the Ownership details, sale price, payment schedule, Specifications of the construction, car parking details, undivided share of land, common amenities, Penalty clause for both parties, what are the other deposit charges to be deposited, Registration charges, whether Sales Tax is applicable or not, any other expenses etc., should be mentioned in the Agreement. Further, it must also contain the layout plan, sketch of your portion of the apartment, with specifications, date of commencement of construction work, date of handing over of the apartment, penalty for delayed construction and payment defaults, no escalation clause, guarantee for the quality of construction and construction materials used.
Conveyance / Sale Deed :
After completion of the apartment construction, the Sale Deed should be executed by the Vendor of the land and the Promoters jointly as per the understanding. The Sale Deed must also mention the duties and responsibilities of the Buyer and the Seller, the Purchaser has to pay the required Stamp Duty and complete the Registration formalities. Registered Sale Deed is the main document that confers on you the Ownership of the flat. On the basis of the Sale Deed the Revenue Authority issues documents of title like the Khatha Certificate, Khatha Extract and Tax paid receipts.
Price of a flat is determined, based on the various factors like location, specification of the work, Carpet Area and percentage of Super- Built-up-Area.
Undivided Share of Land:
When you purchase an apartment you are entitled to an undivided share in the total land area. The undivided share depends upon the built up area of the apartment and the land area. As the total built up area increases the undivided share decreases and vice versa.
Share Certificate Method:
Purchase of the flat by Share Certificate Method is very popular in Maharashtra. A Registered Cooperation Society acquires land, constructs flats which are allotted to its members; whereas in Karnataka, the Share Certificate Method is not accepted by General Public, Financial Institutions, State Government, etc. Karnataka Government is of the view that individual flats should be Registered by regular conveyance. When tracing the title of this type of Share Certificate Method, verification of the Society Record, its Byelaws and Share Certificates is very important.
You must also know what certain areas are called with reference to a building. From the Floor Area Ratio and Site Area, we can work out the Total Constructed Area. Plinth Area is the total area of construction. This includes all the floors as well as the wall thickness. Carpet Area is the area inside the constructed building between the walls and the area actually usable.
Super-Built-up-Area is the saleable area generally applicable to apartments. This includes the wall thickness, projected common areas and the set back area. Some Promoters will adopt certain methods to arrive at more Super-Built-up-Area to reduce the sale price. The Purchaser should be very cautious about the Super-Built-up-Area, on which the price of flat is determined. Super-Built-up-Area consists of actual flat area plus proportionate area of common areas like staircase cum verandah, balcony and other common areas etc. Carpet Area is the area available for actual residing. Generally Super-Built-up-Area should not be more than 25% of the carpet area.
Apartment Owner’s Association :
After the construction and handing over of flats, the Owners of apartments form an Association to take care of the needs of the Residents and to upkeep of the common areas. The Builder must hand over detailed drawings of electrical wiring, piping and drainage system to the Association. The Builder must also hand over to the Association all the Original Documents of Title and Sale Deed including plan, drawings etc., as without proper drawings, it would be difficult for the Association to maintain the apartment building.
The building should have lift facility. One has to examine the provision for water supply and sanitary connection. In many cases, though borewells are drilled, the yield is much less. So the Residents have to purchase water from Outside Agencies at Exorbitant Costs.
The apartment must strictly adhere to the building byelaws. It must comply with all Rules and Regulations laid down by the Pollution Control Board, Corporation or Municipality, Housing Development Board and other Authorities. Violation of laws will create great problems for the Occupants of the apartment block.
At the time of commencement, the Builder should obtain Work Commencement Certificate and Occupation Certificate, at the end of the completion of construction, from the Authority which sanctioned the plan.
These are the general important points one should look into before purchasing a flat. Right choice of the Builder is very important. Do not go by glossy advertisements and tall claims. There are many reputed Builders in the field with impressive track records. Choose one of the good Developers to satisfy your needs.


The Indian Succession Act 1925, deals with the Succession certificate. The relevant sections are 370 to 390 in Part X of the act.
The Succession certificate is representative in nature. During one’s lifetime one might have lent money or acquired securities. He might have not have recovered those debts or money due under securities, when he was alive. When such a person, a creditor dies, somebody should recover such debts or money from the borrowers, which is generally done by the legal heirs, of the deceased. The law has facilitated this process and section 370 of Indian Succession Act provide for issue of Succession certificate in such cases.
But the issuance of Succession certificate has some limitations. The Succession certificate cannot be granted in respect of any debt or security to which rights have to established by letters of Administration or Probate as per Sections 212, 213 of Indian Succession Act.
As per the section 212, no right to any part of the property of the person who has died without making a Will, can be established in any Court of Law unless letters of administration are obtained from a Court of proper jurisdiction. Similarly no right as an executor can be established in any Court of Law unless a competent jurisdictional court grants probate of Will.
But it should be borne in mind that the Succession certificate does not finally adjudicate as to the legal succession. The certificate simply authorises some person to recover the debts and as stated earlier it is merely representative in nature. All the money recovered and obtained has to be disposed off as per the rights of the persons who are finaly entitled to it. The Succession certificate serves dual purposes, it prevents debts from being time barred, on account of disputes among the legal heirs and helps the borrowers, who can discharge the debts by paying to the representative of the deceased, which provide a valid discharge.At certain times the court will insist on the security from the person to whom certificate is granted as source of indemnity to the persons ultimately entitled for such moneys. The grant of the certificate does not confer any title on the grantee.
The word debt has a wide meaning than generally understood. An amount due under life insurance policy is a debt and succession certificate can be obtained. Likewise amounts under provident fund; bank deposits, are also covered under debts. A share certificate is a security under which money is due and court grants succession certificate. However, in one interesting case (Ranchhoddas Vs Govindadas Banetwala (1976) 78 Bomb LR 219: (1976)) the court held that succession certificate cannot be granted in respect of gold jewels pledged by the deceased in a bank as there was no element of debt in that transaction.
It has been made clear in the Succession Act that no court shall pass a decree against a debtor of the deceased person for payment of debt to a person claiming, on succession, to be entitled to the assets of the deceased person or any part thereof except on production of Succession certificate with the particular debt specified therein.
Any person who has beneficial interest in debt, or security of the deceased can apply for Succession certificate provided he is a major and of sound mind. A guardian appointed under Guardians and Wards Act can also apply for Succession certificate. Any application for Succession certificate has to be made to the district court in accordance with the procedure prescribed by the code of civil procedure.
Succession certificate can also be revoked in some instances; like, the proceedings were defective in nature, the certificate was obtained by making false suggestion or concealing some information, the certificate was obtained by means of untrue allegations, the certificate has become useless, inoperative on account of circumstances that a decree or order made by a court in a suit or other proceedings with respect to the effects of debts and securities specified in the certificate renders it proper that the certificate should be revoked.


As per provisions contains in Section 118 of Transfer of Property Act, when two persons mutually transfer the ownership of one thing for the ownership of another, neither thing or both the things being money only, such a transaction is called an exchange. This definition is not restricted to immovable property only.

Thus, exchange implies, when two separate property owners mutually agree to transfer the ownership rights by exchanging the property. Further, exchange also mean exchange of lands and barter of goods too.
If one of the items that has been transferred in money, then it is not an exchange but sale, because sale should always be for a price. But money in one form can be exchanged for money in another.
In case of exchange, the transfer of ownership of one thing is not the price paid or promised to pay, but something else in lieu. For example: if a person transfers a land valued Rs.20,00,000/- to another and in return, the other person transfers a shop valued Rs.18,00,000/- and pay Rs.2,00,000/- in cash, it is an exchange.
This type of exchange transactions can be reduced into writing in the form of Property Exchange Deed. This Exchange Deed document for transfer of property rights need to be registered with the jurisdictional sub Registrar’s Office by paying prescribed stamp duty. While drafting the exchange deed and its registration including the document execution, its presentation and admission utmost care need to be taken, since this is a complex process.
Before drafting such complex type deed of transfer, it is very important to ensure that all the necessary requirements for the effective enforcement of such deeds are incorporated which only give legal sanctity to the document. The essential requirements for such deeds are discussed below:
Description of the Deed:

The deed has to specify the description, such as “This Deed of Property Exchange”, which may not necessarily be in bold letters, but is preferable, in order to highlight the nature of the deed.
Date of execution:

It is very important to mention the date of execution of the deed since the same is required to determine the limitation and also for recording of such exchange in the revenue records. Further, the date of execution of the document may vary from the date of registration. However, the documents can be presented for registration, anytime within four months from the date of execution.
Parties to the deed:

All the proper and necessary persons pertaining to the property intended to be exchanged have to be mandatorily made as parties to the deed in order to avoid possible future legal disputes, which may likely to be raised by the parties having interest over the exchanged property. It is also important to properly depict the status of each party to the deed.

The deed shall contain the previous history pertaining to the property in a precise way, explaining the nature of the interest and motive behind the exchange of property, which only authenticate the title, and is called as Recitals in the legal terminology.

A covenant is an agreement wherein either or both the parties to the deed bind themselves to certain terms and conditions, which create an interest over the property, which may either be express or implied. In recent times, with the advent of Apartment culture, it is very necessary to incorporate covenants of various types besides those for maintenance of common areas and facilities in the deed.

This is the part of the deed which states that the parties have signed the deed. This is very important in order to prove the authentication of the execution of the deed and the necessary involvement of the proper parties having interest in the property in legally conveying to the parties of the other part.

This is the witnessing clause wherein the witnesses signing the deed are introduced, along with their names, address and signature. This clause is also very important for the reason that the witnesses also play an important role to prove the execution of the document. However, it is advisable that both the witnesses are from purchaser/ transferee’s side.
Operative words:

This part of the deed depends upon the nature of conveyance. However, operative words clearly depict the intention of the parties conveying the property in favour of the other party/ies, which is necessary for transfer of rights over the property.

This means description of the property following the operative words. Anything intended to be conveyed/assigned has to be specifically mentioned. Every minute detail about the identification of the property has to be clearly incorporated. Any ambiguity about the description of the schedule property may lead to serious problems.
Exceptions and Reservations:

Property intended to be transferred by way of exchange must not fall within the ambit of those prohibited under any statute or the Government notification. This part of the deed speaks about the conditions restraining the alienation and assurance that such alienation does not involve any restrictions.Exception refers to some property or definite right which is existing on the date of conveyance and the same would transfer if not expressly excluded.Whereas, Reservation refers to the right which is not existing but created at the time of transfer.
Completion of transaction:

The deed can be enforceable only if the same is properly stamped under Indian Stamp Act. Apart from this, it is also necessary that the same has to be registered under the Indian Registration Act. Only after the registration of such documents, the right, interest and title over the property is validly transferred from the transferor to the transferee.

Execution of the document will be complete only after the parties put their signatures on the deed. However, special care should be taken when any of the deed is signed by the party who is an illiterate or blind or Pardanashin lady. In case any document is signed by some person by putting thumb impression, the documents has to be signed by the person who has taken the same and if any map or plan sketch is annexed to the document, then the same has to be signed by the parties.

Possession of property:

It is very important that the transferor transfers possession of the property in favour of the transferee. It is not necessary that actual possession has to be handed over to the transferee, but even constructive possession will transfer and create right and interest over the property.
Thus, the transfer or assignment of right, title and interest over the property, irrespective of the nature of transfer, entirely depends upon the deed of conveyance. Any ambiguity, inadvertent addition or deletion in the deed may give rise to lot of legal problems, thereby obstructing peaceful possession and enjoyment of the property.

Preparation of site for construction

Before starting any work, generally the process of cleaning occupies the priority. Similarly, before starting construction, the construction site should be thoroughly cleaned and prepared for construction. This is called purging of the site from evil effects.
This process requires a well experienced Mason, who is as important as an Engineer. An inexperienced Mason with his inefficiency may mar the fortunes of the Residents of the proposed house. Many Masons have correct understanding of Vaastu, brought about by generations of experience.
The Masons, should possess accurate tools to mark the directions and to measure the site. Their important tools, set square to fix correct corners, intermediate directions, and plumb line to ensure perpendicular accuracy of the walls, should be used with diligence. The same tools should be used until the construction is completed, otherwise, there may be differences in areas of the rooms and place in between parallel walls.
Marking Directions:
First, the Mason should identify all the eight directions correctly, which is followed by cleaning and preparation of plot. The directions, South, West and SouthWest must be elevated than East, North and NorthEast. Any pits, shallow places, wells in weak or unfavourable positions should be filled up. The surface of the site should be leveled with raise in the directions of South, West and SouthWest. Avoid sites with anthills. Leveling and reforming, raising in the site must be done before starting construction, but not after, to avoid evil effects of Vaastu.
A well or borewell must be dug in North East, East or North after the foundation is laid and its water must be used for construction only. At least, a sump must be laid in any of these directions. The construction materials such as; bricks, tiles, wood, steel, stones, lime in North, East or NorthEast should not be stored in the aforesaid places; instead we can use South, West or SouthWest for storing them.
Starting of Work:
Work should ensure that the excavation starts from North East and proceeds towards North West. Repeat the same process from NorthEast to SouthEast and from NorthWest to SouthWest. This process should end by excavating the Southern side from SouthEast to SouthWest. The foundation work must start from SouthWest to SouthEast, SouthWest to NorthWest; SouthEast to NorthEast and end from NorthWest to NorthEast. Similar process is required for wall constructions. Importantly, at the end of any day, the walls on Southern and Western sides should be higher than the walls of North and Eastern sides. The temperature in the locality determines the height of walls; prefer high ceiling if the temperature is high and low ceiling if temperature is low.
Pillars should be square or cylindrical in shape but pillars in SouthEast must be invariable square in shape. Main entrance should not face the edge of any wall, pillar or compound wall. Likewise, there should not be any tree, well, sump or pit in front of the main door.
The NorthEast corner of the outer walls, compound wall should never be rounded off, whereas it is permitted in other corners. It is better not to have arches of semi-circular shape on gates located on Eastern and Northern sides, but such semi-circular arches are permitted on gates located in South and West.
The flooring of the house should be laid so as to facilitate the flow of water from SouthWest to NorthEast. The level of doors should gradually go on reducing from South to North and West to East. The floor level of the rooms in SouthWest should always be higher as compared to other rooms in the house and it should be lowest at NorthEast. The flooring should be strong and firm avoiding any shallow sound.
If one is demolishing any old house, they can start it from NorthEast and store reusable items in Southern or Western parts of the site, since the work if starting from South or West brings ill health to senior male and female members of the house.

Timeless Decor

The world everywhere is gaining a cosmopolitan outlook. An intellectual activity of human beings and their aesthetic outlooks both has got transformed enormouslyduring the present decade. While looking our for the latest and most modern themes, sensible minds yearn after the old and golden styles for incorporating into their home décor. Functionality get mingled with tradition in all the facts if home life, filling in spaces, furnitures, fabrics lighting painting and all aspects.
Look Traditional
Visualise your home in modern décor, and what comes to the mind is an unconventional style. Contemporary styles are all about moving away from traditional designs and incorporating new elements like metal and glass. Even the colour scheme are different from the usual, and is the lighting arrangement. Even the furniture forms an important part of the décor. Rather than wood, they now involve metals and synthetic fibres and are light-weight and sleek in design. Ergonomically designed cushion seats, which provide greater comfort, are the norm when it comes to modern rooms.
If you like your home to exude the traditional character and keep up with the times, then opt for décor elements which can easily blend in within this space.
Here’s how you can go about it:
Plan Around A Theme
Planning to decorate your inner spaces around a theme helps you visualise the final setup. If you would rather like a setup. If you would rather like a desert theme you can make your interiors look like a potpourri of colours and textures. From patchwork to mirrors and huge fabric murals on the walls-decorate your home in rich Rajasthani style.
Use of jharokas inside the home will add interest. The furniture can be in metal or wrought-iron and you can have a large Dhokra (metal casting) work of art as the centerpiece. Dhokra is by artisans from chattisgarh. Various metal hangings and Worli art pieces can adorn your inner space.
Colour and Texture
Paint the walls in the mid-tone range. Once you have found the range, work combinations of wall colours which blend into one another in a manner that minimizes distinguishable transition lines. Room changes should be subtle as well. Let colour flow through the home. Generally, use the lighter tones on your walls. Introduce slightly deeper hues in your choice of window covering and upholstery fabric. Deepen the hue ever so slightly again when choosing accessory fabric and floor coverings.
Fabrics should reflect the vibrancy of traditional textures, but shouldn’t be coarse and too shiny. Commonly used fabrics are silks, cotton, khadi silk, jute, and satin with faintly detailed patterns all over. Cushions that are embroidered, or decorated with beads and mirrors in fabrics such as tussar silk, khadi silk, satin, and cotton give a luxurious look to the bed and add an ethnic touch. Placing rich luscious rugs on the floor adds softness. Indian decorative rugs, unlike carpets, do not gather dust and can be washed easily. However, if you have marble and decorative tiles which you do not want to cover, then opt for the smaller sizes to add an element of visual interest.
Lighting must be direct and classic. Lamps with plain shades, sconce lighting, and lights to highlight wall murals can be added. Hanging handmade lampshades in thick handloom fabric with thread and mirror embroidery and sequin work form Orissa, will look lovely and colourful, especially at night when the lights throw flecks of multihued light all around.
Accessorising the Traditional Way
Strike a distinguishable balance by using objects in pairs. A pair of brass lamps, a matched set of framed prints, etc. Handmade puppets can be suspended from the walls. Patchwork wall hangings, Madhubani paintings, Batik paintings, Patachitra, miniature paintings will add colour.
Stylish yet minimalist in character defines contemporary interior design trends. Contemporary décor emphasises the need for simplicity, while the traditional theme enhances spaces with warmth and colour. Blend in both these styles to make your living space stylish and comfortable.